The United States District Court for the District of Maryland is composed of
district judges and magistrate judges. District judges are appointed under
Article III of the Constitution by the President of the United States, with
the advice and consent of the United States Senate. District judges are appointed
for life, and they can only be removed through the impeachment process. Magistrate
judges are judicial officers appointed by the judges of the district court for
eight-year terms and are assigned duties as outlined under Local Rule 301.